Day Neutral Varieties

Day-neutral strawberries will continue to set and ripen fruit all summer long until a hard frost puts them into dormancy. Day-neutral refers to the light sensitivity of the variety. Day-neutral strawberries will blossom and set fruit no matter how long or short the days are. Today there are several excellent varieties of day-neutral strawberries and they are a wonderful choice for the gardener who wants a steady supply of fruit instead of having it all ripen at the same time.

Sweet Ann | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Sweet Ann – LCN

Sweet Ann is a vigorous plant with high productivity and exceptional flavor.

The attractive fruit is large in size, with a beautiful long conical shape. It has medium firmness with a good acid-sugar balance and very sweet taste. Sweet Ann is a glossy red color both inside and out. The variety produces few runners in the fruiting field.

Sweet Ann seems quite disease resistant to everything but fusarium wilt. It is an excellent choice for the organic production systems.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Large Excellent Firm Tolerant
Albion | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Albion – UC

The gold standard of the industry in terms of flavor, Albion is a day-neutral (ever-bearing) cultivar. “Albion” is resistant to Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae) and Phytophthora crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum), and relatively resistant to Anthracnose crown rot (Colletotrichum acutatum).

When treated properly, Albion has tolerance to two-spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae). Fruit from “Albion” is typically long, conical, and very symmetrical. Albion fruit is firm and is dark red inside and out.

Albion fruits consistently throughout the season. One downside of this variety is that it produces a lot of runners that must be cut in order to maintain high production.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Large Excellent All Moderately Firm Tolerant
Cabrillo | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Cabrillo – UC

The newest Day Neutral cultivar released from UCDavis California. This is a moderately strong flowering variety that is adaptable to both winter & summer plantings. Fruit size and firmness is comparable to that of Albion, as well as San Andreas with greater individual plant yields and offers outstanding flavor.

Disease resistant to powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, phytophthora crown rot, as well as common leaf spot, and with proper treatment can be tolerant to two-spotted spider mite. But, is susceptible to Anthracnose Crown Rot.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Large Excellent All Firm Tolerant
Keoki | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Keoki

Keoki is similar to wild strawberry varieties but doesn’t grow from seed, giving it a substantial advantage in production. This variety is perfect for the specialty garden grower.

It produces tiny white berries packed with LOTS of FLAVOR! Bird netting is important. They are that TASTY! Keoki is an excellent runner producer for great ground cover.

This variety tolerates acidic soil and requires minimal care except weeding. Use a mulch in areas where the ground freezes. It is an ever bearing variety, Best in Zones 3-9.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Small Excellent Tolerant
Monterey | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Monterey – UC

Monterey is moderate in day-neutrality, slightly stronger flowering than Albion with a similar production pattern. It is a vigorous plant and may require slightly more space than Albion. This variety does well in organic applications.

The fruit from Monterey is slightly larger but less firm than fruits from Albion. Post-harvest traits for Monterey are similar to those for Albion. Monterey has outstanding flavor with a distinct sweet aftertaste that is unique among California cultivars.

Monterey has a good disease resistant profile, although it is susceptible to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis).

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Large Excellent Fresh, Commercial Moderately Firm Susceptible
Portola | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Portola – UC

Portola is a strong day-neutral cultivar with broad adaptability. This cultivar can be used in standard winter planting systems, where it initiates fruiting slightly earlier than Albion to initiate. Due to a strong flowering response, Portola is especially well adapted to spring and summer planting systems.

Portola is a vigorous plant and may require a slightly lower plant density than Albion. The fruit for Portola is similar in size to Albion but lighter in color and somewhat shinier. Post- harvest characteristics for Portola are similar to those for Albion although it is slightly less tolerant to rain.

Fruit flavor for Portola is excellent and especially consistent throughout the fruiting season. Portola has a good disease resistance profile.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Good All Moderately Firm Tolerant
San Andreas | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

San Andreas – UC

San Andreas is a moderate day-neutral with a production pattern very similar to Albion. Plant vigor for San Andreas is somewhat higher than for Albion early in the season but plant size throughout the fruiting season is similar to Albion due to its high and consistent productivity. This cultivar produces few runners in the fruiting field. The fruit for San Andreas is exceptional in appearance and especially superior to Albion early in the season.

The fruit color for San Andreas is slightly lighter than for Albion and it has similar post-harvest characteristics. The flavor of San Andreas is outstanding similar to Albion. San Andreas has a good disease resistance profile with no outstanding cautions. Its typically high-quality fruit early in the season, together with a low chilling requirement, make this a good candidate cultivar for Southern California. Fruit productivity for San Andreas is similar to or slightly below that for Albion.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Extra Large Excellent All Firm Tolerant
Seascape | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Seascape – UC

Seascape is a dependable standard in the strawberry industry. It was bred for tolerance to many of the common viral diseases in California, but has demonstrated susceptibility to common leaf spot.

Seascape fruit is large and flavorful with an attractive glossy finish. Seascape also has flexibility in planting requirements, such that it does not require as much chill hours to set fruit, which makes this suitable for warmer climates.

Seascape produces large berries with excellent flavor over a long season, but is concentrated in late spring with high yields in the fall.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Late Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent Fresh Medium Firm Tolerant

Short Day “June Bearing” Varieties

Short day or “June Bearing” strawberries produce a single, large crop per year during a 2 – 3 week period in the spring. June bearers are the traditionally grown plants, producing a single flush of flowers and many runners. They are classified into early, mid-season and late varieties. The largest fruits are generally from June bearing varieties.

Lucia | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Lucia – LCN

Lucia is a medium high vigor type plant with similar plant architecture to Sweet Ann. It also has a similar inflorescence and is an open plant that enables harvesters to see through the plant to harvest or pull weed.

The plant continues to grow through the harvest period and can get tall if more aggressive fertilizer programs are used.

Lucia seems to require less nutrition in order to grow compared to Albion. Lucia fruit is not as large as Sweet Ann but has similar great flavor, better firmness and better fruit uniformity than Sweet Ann.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Large Good All Firm
Ruby June | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Ruby June – LCN

Ruby June is the latest release from Lassen Canyon Nursery that is creating a lot of positive feedback in the Southeast. Between Lucia, Ruby June and Scarlet, Ruby June is the strongest short-day variety that is more compact and has tighter plant architecture and leaf structure than Lucia and Scarlet.

Ruby June has the darkest exterior and interior color of any of Lassen Canyon’s varieties. The fruit is great for recipes calling for strawberries. Plus, Ruby June has rated very high with our in-house taste panel.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Excellent All Medium Firm
Scarlet | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Scarlet – LCN

Scarlet is a medium to high vigor plant. It has shorter plant architecture then either Lucia or Sweet Ann. The fruit firmness is greater than Sweet Ann, Lucia and Ruby June. Interior color of Scarlet is lighter than Sweet Ann, Lucia and Ruby June. Scarlet has very high yield potential.

The fruit is not as uniform as Lucia but still maintains high fruit quality good size and flavor throughout the harvest season.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Large Good All Very Firm
Stella | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Stella – LCN

An early heavy producer, Stella has large fruit and is dark red inside and out. It has a uniformly conic shape throughout its production cycle. The fruit is very sweet, aromatic, and firm but not crunchy.

This variety is heat & rain tolerant but does downsize late in the season. It does have a high nitrogen requirement.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Good Fresh Firm
Benicia | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Benicia – UC

This is a moderate to high vigor plant but is smaller sized than Ventana. It does have a similar production pattern to Ventana. Productivity is better than Ventana.

Benicia is a slightly larger, more firm berry. It has good flavor and a darker more even interior color. It is disease resistant, except it is susceptible to Verticillium wilt, requiring more care from the grower in order to successfully cultivate this variety.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Good Fresh Moderately Firm Susceptible
Camarosa | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Camarosa – UC

Camarosa is an early short day variety. This vigorous plant produces large to very large firm fruit throughout most of its fruiting cycle. Interior color of Camarosa is a brilliant red and fruit colors uniformly.

Yield potential is high to excellent.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Good All Very Firm Tolerant
Camino Real | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Camino Real – UC

Camino Real is a short-day cultivar similar to Camarosa in all aspects including production pattern. It is somewhat later to initiate fruiting with most cultural treatments, however.

External and internal fruit color for Camino Real is darker than Camarosa. Subjectively, Camino Real has very good flavor. The fruit is outstanding for both fresh market and processing.

Camino Real is susceptible to common leaf spot and sensitive to powdery mildew. It is resistant to Verticillium wilt, Phytophthora crown rot and somewhat resistant to Anthracnose crown rot. When treated properly it shows tolerance to two-spotted spider mite.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Excellent Very Firm Tolerant
Chandler | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Chandler – UC

Chandler continues to be one of the “go to” varieties for roadside strawberry stands, backyard gardeners everywhere and many commercial growers in the southeast.

Chandler produces semi-early delicious sweet fruit. Fruit size is medium to large and medium in firmness. Chandler performs well in the east and is well adapted to the south.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent Fresh Very Firm Susceptible
Charm | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Charm – UDSA

Charm is a USDA-ARS (Oregon) release that was collaboratively developed with OSU and WSU researchers.

This is a high yielding, medium-large sized, easily-capped, variety with excellent fruit quality for the ice cream processing industry.

Charm proves to be tolerant to viruses based on its excellent yields in the second season trials of harvesting.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Mid Season Large Excellent Fresh, Processing Medium Firm Tolerant
Fronteras | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Fronteras – UC

Fronteras is a short day variety, meaning it responds to day length, produces the bulk of its fruit in the shorter days of spring and fall, and is adapted to the fall planting and winter production system of the California coast.

Fronteras is a large and vigorous plant, more so than the short day variety Ventana in use for many years by growers.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Excellent Commercial Very Firm Tolerant
Grenada | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Grenada – UC

Grenada is a short day variety released from the UC Davis program in 2014. Grenada has moderate to high plant vigor, but remains small in the early season, due to high yielding early fruit production. This variety is the improved version of Benicia. Fruit from Grenada is larger and firmer than that of Ventana or Benicia, with excellent flavor.

Grenada has a variable disease profile with susceptibility to Fusarium which will require close control in both the nursery and for fruit field.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Good Commercial, Processing Very Firm Susceptible
Hood | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Hood – USDA

Hood is a pacific northwestern variety characterized by fruit borne well above the soil on strong, upright clusters.

The berry is large, round and conic. The skin is glossy bright medium red. The berries are firm with a pleasant flavor.

The fruit ripens midseason. This is a nice variety for preserves and jams.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Mid Season Medium Excellent Very Firm Susceptible
Jewel | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Jewel

Jewel is one of the best all-around varieties. It is popular in the east. It is good for u-pick, fresh shipping and long season yields.

It produces large, firm, wedge-shaped fruit of beautiful color and quality.

Jewel’s firmness and abrasive resistant skin make it ideal for shipping.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Late Mid Season Large Excellent All Firm Tolerant
Flavorfest | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Flavorfest – USDA

Flavorfest is consistently a top-yielder in trials on the East Coast. The berries are notably large (the strawberries are larger than those produced by Chandler), bright red, and distinctively plump. They also have an excellent flavor profile. After showing initial resistance to red stele (Phytothora fragariae), Flavorfest showed resistance or tolerance to most of the stem and leaf diseases during trials.

Flavorfest has a prolonged growing season when compared to most other commercial varieties. It is similar to Chandler when grown in in plasticulture, but its yield is higher and berries larger. The plants are also vigorous, require less nitrogen than Chandler, and propagate well.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent Fresh Moderately Firm Tolerant
Radiance | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Radiance aka Fortuna – Univ. of FL

This strawberry cultivar has high early-season yields and good fruit size throughout the main production period in Florida and southwest Spain.

The fruit is a glossy bright to dark red, easy to harvest, and has a smooth appearance. The flavor is acceptable and can be quite good under ideal growing conditions. Radiance fruit is firm yet juicy and sports an attractive calyx.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Medium-Large Fair Fresh, Commercial Firm Tolerant
Florida Strawberry Festival | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Festival – Univ. of FL

Florida Strawberry Festival is a short day cultivar. Its fruit is mostly conic in shape. The external color of a mature fruit is deep red and glossy. The internal color is bright red. Strawberry Festival fruit has a very firm texture and excellent flavor.

Strawberry Festival has a fruiting pattern and yield similar to that of Camarosa.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent All Very Firm Tolerant
Mary's Peak | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Marys Peak – USDA

A Pacific Northwest variety from USDA-ARS (Oregon) that was collaboratively developed with OSU and WSU researchers.

High yields and an upright growth habit for easier picking for either market (Fresh or Processing).

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Late Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent All Moderately Firm
Merced | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Merced – U.C.

Merced is a short-day (June bearing) type cultivar that produces fruit over an extended period when treated appropriately in arid, sub-tropical climates.

When well-tended, Merced is similar to Camarosa, but has greater productivity, and higher quality fruit. The plant is less vigorous than Camarosa and does have lighter colored fruit.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Large Excellent Firm Tolerant
Petaluma | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Petaluma – UC

As with ‘Fronteras’, it is a short day cultivar, meaning it produces the majority of its fruit in during the shorter days of spring and fall rather than in the summer. It is adapted to the fall planting/winter production systems of the coast of California. Petaluma is a moderately vigorous plant, and will likely occupy less space per plant.

Petaluma shows good resistance to Fusarium wilt. Resistance to Verticillium wilt and to Phytophthora is substantially greater than that of ‘Ventana’. Based on controlled inoculations, ‘Petaluma’ has a good level of resistance to crown rot caused by Macrophomina.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Everbearer Large Good Commercial Very Firm Tolerant
Petaluma | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Puget Crimson – WSU

Released thru WSU by Pat Moore, Puget Crimson is a cross of ‘Schwartze’ (aka: Puget Summer) & ‘Valley Red.

This is a short day variety which offers high yields of large fruit, very late in the fruiting season with excellent flavors.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Sweet Charlie | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Sweet Charlie – (Florida)

Developed in Florida, Sweet Charlie is an early sweet variety.

The plant is medium in size making harvest easy.

Sweet Charlie has anthracnose tolerance and does well in southern states and in China.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Excellent All Firm Tolerant
Sweet Sunrise | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Sweet Sunrise – USDA

The Sweet Sunrise Strawberry variety is a new cultivar from the U.S Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) breeding program in Corvallis, OR.

Sweet Sunrise produces large, firm and attractive fruit that is easily capped and has excellent flavor. Sweet Sunrise has high yields and the fruit is good whether it is fresh or processed.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Mid Season Medium-Large Excellent All Medium Firm
Tillamook | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Tillamook – USDA

A high-yielding, large-fruited, mid-season cultivar with very high fruit quality that is suited to the fresh and processed markets. The ripe fruit are visible in the canopy and easy to pick. The fruit is very firm and has a very good fresh flavor.

Plants of Tillamook are vigorous and hold up well into the second harvest season suggesting some virus tolerance. Tillamook has good processing characteristics. The most outstanding characteristics of Tillamook are its high yield and very large attractive, high quality fruit.

Tillamook will be an excellent cultivar for local fresh market sales, pick-your-own and for processing.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Mid Season Large Excellent All Moderately Firm Tolerant
Ventana | Strawberry Varieties | Lassen Canyon Nursery

Ventana – UC

Ventana is a short-day (June bearing) cultivar similar to Camarosa. Fruiting plants of Ventana are large and vigorous, similar to Camarosa, but more open than plants of Camarosa. Ventana has similar fruit size but produces greater individual-plant yields than Camarosa.

In general, Ventana is similar to Camarosa in that it initiates fruiting at the same time but produces greater quantities of early-season fruit with most cultural treatments.

Season Berry Size Flavor Market Firmness Disease
Early Season Large Excellent All Very Firm Susceptible